A procedure in which a fine catheter (tube) is inserted through the cervix (the natural opening of the uterus) into the uterus (the womb) to deposit a sperm sample directly into the uterus. The purpose of IUI is to achieve fertilization and pregnancy.
is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body: in vitro. IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods ofassisted reproductive technologies have failed. The process involves monitoring a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman'sovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. When a woman's natural cycle is monitored to collect a naturally selected ovum (egg) for fertilisation, it is known as natural cycle IVF. The fertilised egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.